Ten Eye Diseases In Children

Nova Tabloid - Eye disease in children was not small. Some have been recognized since the beginning, but most often escape the attention of parents. As a result, it can be bad for the eyesight of children in the future. Here are 10 children's eye diseases compiled by dr. Handrawan Nadesul.


Eye disease in children can be congenital may also be obtained. That is, innate, can be derived can also not a derivative. And because most eye diseases require early correction so as not to aggravate the vision, attention to some defects in the eyes of children require greater attention.

If collected, there are at least ten kinds of diseases, disorders or abnormalities of the eye that may occur in children. Not everything can be corrected. But it can be bad consequences if ignored or delayed corrected. Tenth disease can last you see below.

1. Color Blind.
Clear color blindness hereditary disease. More frequently in boys than girls. Y chromosome carried by until now there is no color-blind therapy. In New Japan is trying to replace keruucut cells in the retina, the causes of color blindness, but has not been declared successful.

Children blind from birth do not recognize the color red, green, and blue as well. That light can still distinguish them, but the weight, only enabled with sheer white black graded. So perceptions of the third color was different from normal people.

Sometimes children do not realize, she suffered from color blindness. Even their parents may not know the child is color blind. Especially if the light color blind. So often surprised when entering college because majoring in electrical engineering and for medicine, for example, should not be color blind.



Please note, in the retina there are two types of cells, ie stem cells and cone cells. Stem cells for the ability to distinguish dark light, while cone cells to differentiate colors. In children of color blindness, retinal cone cells in the eyes, abnormal so that disrupted its ability to distinguish colors red, green and blue with different degrees,

By reading the Ishihara test, color blindness diagnosed. The book contains pictures that read the numbers, in such a way, so that color blind people can not exactly read the numbers that normal people can see it clearly.

2. Wall Eye.
The eyes squint also be congenital from birth. There are several types kejulingan, from mild to severe. Generally, because there are nerve disorders of the eyeball, so that the eyeball axis is not normal and needs to be corrected.

If it is not inborn, squint obtained afterwards. Could be due to severe cataracts. On cross-eyed adults suddenly need to watch out, because can be a manifestation of brain abnormalities in the nose or throat of cancer. In children could also due to tumor growth in the eyeball.
Squint eye should immediately be corrected for keteajaman child's vision developing normally. If not, children do not learn to see normally. And then the child's eyes can become abnormal.



3. Glaucoma
The disease is disease that elevated eye pressure, thus causing damage to the sarafmata bsa and retina. Besides obtained, especially for the elderly, glaucoma can also be derived from the innate indeed. From birth the child eye pressure is rising.

Elevated eye pressure caused by fluid flow system disorders within the eyeball that can be congenital. As a result of this dam eyeball fluid, symptoms of elevated eye pressure.

This disease causes severe pain in the eyeball adan head. Also the eyes look red. In an already severe, also timbuk vision problems. Besides lack of sharp, sudden visual field was reduced. There is missing in the vision screen. Previously, patients could happen to see a shadow like a rainbow around the bulb.

If the drugs do not help, usually done pemmbedahan action with the aim that the flow of fluid into a normal eyeball dehingga not happen dam and eye pressure can be normal.

4. BUFTHALMUS.
The disease is also classified as diseases of the eye with eye pressure is elevated from birth. Due to the elevated eye pressure, the size of the baby is very large eyeballs. This situation is disturbing corneas. Children afraid of the light, eyelid disorders arise, kornes swell, and the color of the cornea becomes cloudy.

Untu reduce dam eyeball fluid, which makes an elevated eye pressure incision surgery (goniotomy) as soon as possible for the eye and visual acuity development of children not to interfere.

5. EYE cataract.
Yes, not just elderly people who could be cataracts or opacities of the lens, the newborn can develop cataracts as well. This congenital abnormality. Usually born to mothers who suffered from German measles infection, toxoplasmosis, or diabetes. It is also caused by hereditary factors.

Infants with cataracts need surgery if the eye fundus reflex does not exist or is a total cataracts. That is, for the development of child's vision was not until inhibited. Surgery is usually performed after a 2 year old child. If allowed to develop into the possibility of the child squint or abnormal movements of his eyeballs (nystagmus).

6. Ptosis.
The disease is nicknamed 'sleepy eyes' cause the sufferer as drowsiness continues. Upper eyelid can not open completely, so that tends to be low and down because the muscles of his eyelids weak lever.

To correct myself, ptosis patients seemed typical. His forehead and eyebrows frowned terungkit continue. This disease can cause muscle weakness eyelid obtained, can also cause hereditary myastenia gravis. For the correction of muscle weakness is performed surgery before one year old child.

7. EYE INFECTION.
Eye infections of many kinds. The most frequent infection of the mucous membrane whites of the eyes and eyelids (conjunctivitis), otherwise known as red eye disease.

The cause of eye infections can by all kinds of germs, from viruses, bacteria, fungi, until the parasite. Not infrequently occur due to allergies, both originating from outside such as pollen, kimawi substances, or may also be allergic from within, namely people with tuberculosis, blood diseases or diseases of lymph nodes.
Red eye from birth can be caused by germs that the mother suffered chalamydia in genitalia. Can also by gonorrhea bacteria from the mother with the same disease. Signs and symptoms are almost the same. Swollen red eyes and a lot more like dirt eyes pus.


In the newborn usually routinely given eye drops immediately after birth so rarely found in cases of eye infection today. But babies born assisted by the shaman peraji, baby eye infection is still frequently found.
Gonorrhea eye infection by the mother usually appearing at the time the child is 2 years old seudah. Eyes red and inflamed eyelids. Many eye dirt around the eyeball. This could dioobati until healed. But the mother must be treated also so as not to infect her baby's birth may be later.


Infections acquired eyes of many kinds. There is an outbreak that so that at certain seasons many people are sick of red eye. The disease is transmitted through the air. Viruses and bacteria circulating in the air in public places or through the goods that people use, such as handkerchiefs, glasses, towels or pillowcases, and contact lenses.


With eye drops or ointment containing antibiotics, usually red eye diseases can be cured. If severe, may need to take antibiotics as well.


But pain is common red eye infection, treated with eye drops that can be purchased freely in shops. This method is not only inappropriate and incorrect addresses, it is possible that the eye disease is getting worse because of the medicine is not the kind that.


Drug-counter eye drops for eye disorders due only to dust, dirt or tired eyes. Not infrequently sore red eyes became swollen after poured drops of food stall.


Eye infections can also be transmitted from the pool. Usually endemic in certain seasons. Same medicine. If a virus is the cause, the cause is different from its handling by bacteria, fungi, or parasites.
Red eye in infants is more often caused by infection of the tear glands or tear sac. Every day the baby's eyes many eyes out dirt, besides his eyes looked red.The disease is congenital from birth. Why there is a blockage in the tear ducts and lodged in sanan infection. Usually chronic. Besides given antibiotic drops or ointment, is sorting in the lower eyelid to the bridge of the nose that can be done alone by his mother. That is, to drain the eye dirt that clog the passage.


However, if in ways that do not help, do the actions perojokan (probe) so that the blockage of all kinds there can be freed and the infection is no longer nested.Tear gland infection in children who are often from complications of measles, mumps, or flu. Not infrequently due to tuberculosis and lymphatic disease.


If the disease in the upper left unchecked, can develop chronic disease. Germs remain lodged without disturbed in the gland or sac tears.


Chronic eye infections are often caused by eye disease trachoma. Many diidap in countries with poor sanitation and hygiene. Easily transmitted and often chronic because incomplete treatment. Complications may be severe and even cause blindness.


Oil gland infection causing eye nodule. Small ulcers in the mouth of this gland need to be treated promptly because if it is more than two weeks, the drug was too late and require surgical incisions untu already mnegeras eye ulcers. Without surgery boils, pimples are not lost, settled, and often relapse.


Nodule often occurs in people with personal hygiene is still low. Bad habit of treating the eyes, rubbed his eyes, memberrsihkan eye with a finger, eye or water soaked soaking betel leaves or jasmine, the eye is less protected from dust and other impurities.


In addition to the whites of the eyes and mucous membranes of the eyelids, eye infections can also attack the cornea or a black eye. This is much more dangerous because the cornea is directly related to the function of vision.Infection of the cornea is directly related to the function of vision. Corneal infection should receive greater attention in order not to cause disability that causes inflammation of the cornea becomes impaired our vision window.


Infection can develop in the corneal puncture wound taxable. Cornea yangtertusuk will enter germs if not protected with antibiotics and closed eyes. Infection of the cornea can be bad consequences. Thorn prick or shattered glass on the cornea pelru revoked and eye care needs earnest to intact cornea after healing.

Red eye can also be caused by glaucoma and allergies. The difference with infections, or allergies in glaucoma is usually no pain, painful, or prop your eyeballs, nor accompanied by fever. Usually no eye discharge. Doctors can tell which type of pink eye infection, which also is not.

8. Retinoblastoma.


Malignant tumor eyeball inborn. Do not know why. Tumors in the retina has been growing since birth. Often missed and new symptoms often appear when the tumor was already large. Symptoms may be sudden squint, glaucoma, the eyes are often red, and the child's visual acuity or visual acuity rapidly decreased so often replace glasses.

9. LACK OF VITAMIN A.
Due to lack of vitamin A, not only lead to night blindness. As the sun begins to set the children often hit-crashing the goods in front of it when walking. Penglhatannya become blurred at times sennja day. Because stem cells in the retinas impaired function due to insufficient vitamin A in the daily menu.

If night blindness is left without any additional vitamin A, the eye disorder will develop traffic system abnormalities in the white eye patches called Bitot sir. In this phase eye can still be saved if vitamin A is added in the daily menu.

If this disorder is still left, the eyes will become dry and then damaged cornea. Corneal wrinkles and shriveled and eventually rupture. The condition of this kind of corneal blindness which has resulted not corrected anymore.

Children with normal menu, from milk, fish and green vegetables, should not going to be deficient in vitamin A. a piece of carrot is sufficient for the body's vitamin A daily. But vitamin A associated with fat menu. If the child urang nutrition and low fat menu, will generally deficient in vitamin A.

10. Farsightedness.


Children are now threatened with nearsightedness taxable at the age child. The reason, a lot of reading in a way that is less precise. Read while sleeping, because that is read more and more weight by the number of lessons and homework. Reading with less lighting. At least need 60 watts to 33 cm reading distance, sitting upright position, and moving objects do not read. That is, the healthier it is to read sitting and reading an object placed on the table. But children today read where and anytime. Even during the school bus or train as well.



Second, the influence of radiation computer monitors or television itself. Rarely are supposed to watch for at least 5 times the diagonal width of the television screen because the room is cramped conditions mamaksa children watch on a very close distance.

That the child is now much has been wearing glasses myopia, nearsightedness, at the age of maish very small. And this condition often escapes from observation of their parents. Next thing I knew was a bad time visusnya examination.

Now there is a way to laser correction of nearsightedness. But recently reported in this way is not safe or have effects that are not done anymore sampinngan in several countries.



In order not to further deteriorate, glasses that fit the size needs to be used on. If myopia is still mild, the use of glasses may restore it, but if you do not wear glasses and have high myopia, every tahunu would need replacement glasses.

Beware if the myopia increases quickly, in addition to result in torn off the retina that can result in blindness, ggejala be wary of this as a symptom of other more dangerous diseases, like glaucoma, malignant tumors of the eyeball, or any other retinal disorders.

9 Comments:

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eyelift said...

Amazing information. These diseases are really frustrating their parents. Some careless approach also responsible for these diseases.

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shahrukh said...

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The most important part of the body would be our eyes. For me when we see unusual thing happen to our children we should see doctors immediately, the earlier the better.

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